Tacuinum Sanitatis

Tacuinum Sanitatis
Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
WIEN (VIENNA, Vienne), Austria
Shelf Mark:
Codex Vindobonensis Series Nova 2644
Alternate Names:
L’art de vivre au moyen age
Northern Italy
109 folios, 335 x 230 mm
Date Description:
End of the 14th century
Ibn Butlan, d. ca. 1068
Health manual based on Ibn Butlan's Taqwīm al-ṣiḥḥah. The text is organized into brief captions that describe how plants, animals, things of the natural world, drinks, clothing, rooms, and a few activities can effect the health. An image of the item is presented on each page with its title above it. The captions below describe the nature of the item, its uses, its drawbacks, and the general effects resulting from ingestion of/contact with these natural things, those categories varying from entry to entry. Index (ff. 2r-3v) -- An introduction that outlines the purpose of the manual (f. 4r) -- Plant products (ff. 4v-53v) -- Seasons (ff. 54r-55v) -- Raisins and dried figs (f. 56r-v) -- Four winds (ff. 57r-58v) -- Dairy products (ff. 59r-61v) -- Salt (f. 62v) -- Breads (ff. 63r-64v) -- Roosters (f. 65r) -- Eggs (ff. 65v-66v) -- Poultry, meat, seafood (ff. 67r-84v) -- Beverages (ff. 85r-90v) -- Oils (ff. 91r-v) -- Sugar (ff. 92r-v) -- Rose water, musk (ff. 93r-v) -- Camphor (f. 94r) -- Honey (f. 94v) -- Vinegar (f. 95r) -- Candles (f. 95v) -- Human activities: hunting, singing, speaking in sleep, etc. (ff. 96r-104v) -- Clothing (ff. 105r-106r) -- Small birds and thrushes (f. 106v)
Italian Gothic
Type of Decoration:
Coat of arms of Georg von Liechtenstein, Bishop of Trent 1390-1419 (f. 1v) -- Small heraldic panel at bottom of Index: two animals (dogs?) wear shields and crests, hold banners (white with red cross) on a simple, decorative background; the same arms (minus the banners) appear at the corners of the next page; they are perhaps those of the Cerruti family of Verona, and are likely those of whichever family commissioned the manuscript (ff. 3v-4r) -- Each of the remaining folios has a large miniature, greater than half the page length, with a red border, that illustrates each item discussed in the text, usually as it is harvested, hunted, made, prepared, or done by humans. Some just show animals existing in nature. The activities are illustrated according to contemporary (XIV century) Northern Italian customs, and thus give some insight into daily life at that time and place.
Musical Notation:
Call Number:
Medieval [7th Floor Hesburgh] Reference (Rm. 715) Oversize RS 79 .T33 1995 Non-Circulating
Commentary Volume:
Nature of Facsimile:
Entire manuscript -- Color -- Photographic -- Slightly reduced, 325 x 217 mm
Publication Date:
Place of Publication:
Paris, France
Editions du Félin/Philippe Lebaud
Akademische Druck-u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Austria
Österreichische Nationalbibliothek catalogue record: http://data.onb.ac.at/rec/AL00465227
Type of Text:
botanical, medical, scientific, secular