Schoolbook for Maximilian I

Schoolbook for Maximilian I
Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
German, Latin
WIEN (VIENNA, Vienne), Austria
Shelf Mark:
Codex 2368
Alternate Names:
Das Prunk-ABC-Buch für Maximilian I. : Österreichs älteste Fibel (um 1466) : eine pädagogisch-didaktische Studie / Ludwig Boyer. -- Codex Vindobonensis 2368 --
Wien or Wiener Neustadt
27 folios, 275 x 210 mm
Date Description:
15th century, c. 1466
Cursive alphabets and notes about vowels and consonants (Reverse of cover, f. 1r) -- (ff. 1v-2r blank) -- Two Bible paraphrases and a popular axiom, all related to the purpose of the school book: Ps 110:10/Sir 1:16, "Quitquid agas sapienter agas, Respice finem!," and Wis 12:13/Ps 2:10/Wis 1:1 (f. 2v) -- Textualis alphabet and prayers in Latin (Pater noster, Credo, etc.) (ff. 3r-15r) -- Cisioianus (ff. 15r-17v) -- Alphabet and prayers in German (ff. 17v-19r) -- Visual material, see Type of decoration (ff. 19v-27r) -- Additional material related to the Cisioianus (Reverse of back cover)
Gothic bastarda and textualis
Type of Decoration:
Historiated Initials: The letter forms are, for the most part, decorated by acanthus leaf designs in shades of a single color, and each is set against a decorative square with similar designs in a different color. In a few instances, the letter or the square is in tooled gold leaf. The initials are four lines high. The scenes within the initials are mostly Biblical: Maximilian I being taught by Jacob of Fladnitz (f. 3r), Annunciation (f. 3v), Moses receives the tablets from God (f. 4r), Visitation (f. 5r), Presentation of Christ in the Temple(f. 6v), Pentecost (f. 7r), Queen of heaven with Christ child (f. 7v), Christ seated in glory with angelic choir below (f. 8r), John the Baptist with Agnus Dei (f. 8v), a priest and acolyte celebrating mass (f. 9r), Maximilian and companions praying two prayers before meals and one after (ff. 11r, 12v, 13v), Circumcision of Christ (f. 15v) -- Other decorated initials: There are a few initials similar in design to the historiated initials, but that are 2-3 lines in height and are filled simply with a decorative pattern (ff. 9r-9v). Other one-line-high initials throughout the manuscript are written in blue or gold ink and given simple pen flourishes in red. Some of the textualis capitals have red ink strokes, and capitals in the German language prayers are in red ink. -- Marginalia: Every folio with an historiated initial has in its margins some amount of acanthus scroll design in green, blue, salmon, gold, and yellow. There are creatures interacting with the scrolls and each other on most folios, and often large flowers and faces are also included in the design. Creatures include primates, owls, robins, a bear and storks. In three scroll loops at the top of f. 3r, the arms of Portugal are depicted on the left, the imperial arms in the middle, and the arms of Austria on the right. -- Bible paraphrases: These three phrases are presented on three unfurling scrolls held by disembodied hands that emerge from large, wavy blue wrist cuffs. The hands and scrolls are alone on the page (f. 2v). -- Letter Patterns: The last section of the manuscript is a collection of decorative letter models. It begins with a "yhs" monogram formed by folded draperies with large acanthus flourishes on the ends of the first two letters; executed in pen and wash fills about half the page length, but the letters are centered. There is also an undulating banner above the monogram; it is blank (f. 20r). The first three decorative alphabets are laid out in 3 rows of designs per folio, over 6 folios. Each row consists of three designs for the same letter, all drawn in simple black strokes with some very small areas of hatching. In general, the letterforms are usually ribbon-like and many include lozenges and fish heads. Some have tail flourishes that end in grotesque heads. Two of the S designs are formed by twisted dragon bodies. A crown is drawn on top of the first of the A (ff.20v-24r). A fourth alphabet uses letterforms of twisted, tautly-pulled ribbon or cloth. It is executed in black outline, brown wash, and some hatching (ff. 24v-25r). On each of the next three folios, there is a single letter similar in design to those of the "yhs," but shaded using hatching instead of wash and and with an elaborate, domed crown above the letter in the same medium and technique (ff. 25v-26v). -- Arms of patron Stephan Heuner: Shield and crest on circular pink background in bright green and yellow frame (f. 27r).
Musical Notation:
Call Number:
Medieval [7th Floor Hesburgh] General Collection Z 1033 .H8 B69 2004 Non-Circulating
Commentary Volume:
Nature of Facsimile:
Photographic, color, with margins -- On standard glossy paper -- Reduced, 220 x 170 mm
Publication Date:
Place of Publication:
Vienna, Austria
Holtzhausen Druck & Medien GmbH
Commentary by Ludwig Boyer
Type of Text:
bilingual, child's book, didactic, religious, schoolbook, secular